DeionizedWater, Retinol (vitamin A propionate), Aloe Vera, Glycerth-26, Octyl Dimethyl,Polysorbate-80, Propylene Glycol, Sodium Lactate, Sodium PCA, Niacinimide,Sodium Benzoate, Inositrol, Lactic Acid, Quaternium-15
A biologically active form of Vitamin A that can be converted toretinoic acid when applied to the skin. Retinol’s benefits stems from its vitalrole in the ability to produce new cell tissue, maintenance, and optimumcellular function.Lactic Acid (5%)An alpha hydroxy acid derived from sour milk. Lactic Acid hasbeen used for centuries to relieve dry, aged skin. Lactic Acid has better waterintake than glycerin and studies have reported that it has the ability toincrease the "water holding" capacity in the corneum layer as well asimprove the elasticity of the skin. Clinical studies report that Lactic Acidconcentrations of between 5% and 12% offer an improvement in softening the skinand refining wrinkles. It is also less irritating on sensitive or dry skin thansome of the other AHA ingredients.Niacinamide
Niacinamide is one of the two principal forms of vitamin B3(nicotinic acid is the other). Niacinamide serves as a precursor of NADH andNADPH, which are co‐enzymes (facilitators of enzymaticreactions) essential for numerous metabolic pathways. In a randomizedcontrolled study, 4% niacinamide gel has been compared to 1% clindamycin gel (atopical antibiotic) in 76 patients with moderate acne. After 8 weeks, 82% ofpatients treated with niacinamide and 68% of those treated with clindamycinwere considered improved. The researches suggested that anti‐inflammatory activity of niacinamide may have contributed to itseffect on acne. Studies also show improvement in reducing fine lines andwrinkling.
Improves the circulation and regenerates the cells. Its effectsare soothing, astringent, and protecting. Aloe is also excellent for sensitiveskins, rosacea conditions, and dry skin. Aloe vera gel is used to treat first‐degree burns for speedy healing. European folk medicine makesextensive use of aloe vera juice to reduce ulcers and heartburn. Aloe vera isalso used in dental problems such as bleeding gums and denture stomatitis. Gelfrom the Aloe vera leaf has shown good results in treating facial edema.
This ingredient occurs naturally in the dermis layer. Its waterabsorbing abilities help the epidermis achieves much needed suppleness andmoisture. Known for its wonderful water binding ability, this acid holds watertightly, and when applied to the skin, forms a film similar to the way it holdswater in the intercellular matrix of the dermal connective tissue. It is alsouseful as a carrier for other extracts and active ingredients.